Batik History
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BATIK is an Art

Batik came from Javanese term "nitik" or making dots to form motifs on a piece of textile.

Batik itself is a term of textile coloring process using wax resist technique.

This technique consists of several steps including: Nembok, Mbironi, Nglorod etc.

The patterns are drawn on a fabric using a small tool called canting, a wooden or bamboo pen with liquid wax container in the end.

Since such never-ending process in batik making the price of a piece of batik is very costly. The more complicated pattern or motif in batik cause the longer the process will take and the price will higher as consequence.

For that reason batik instead of drawing a pattern on textile by hand then the pattern been made by using a stamp, a piece of pattern consist of thinly sliced bronze formed in certain batik pattern. Then the textile will experience the same technique of coloring process. As a matter of fact the making of this stamp is art of its kind since several slice of bronze are meticulously placed that required highly skilled person to be able to do so.

For the same reason and to make batik in a massive quantity and affordable price for the even more larger market, in modern day batik is made by machine to cut the process.

Type of Batik

Kraton - Court

Batik with geometric patterns symbolized the wishes, wisdom, religious and spiritual thought. These patterns were made exclusively for the king, queen, princes, and princesses. So only the royal and the nobles could wear them. While the commoners who dare to wear such pattern would be punished with a humiliation course as consequence. We are so fortunate to be able to enjoy any of such patterns without worrying experience such punishment as to days no longer restriction applied.

There were 2 kingdoms who ruled in java land causing to types of distinguish hue of color.

- Surakarta come with soga brown, rich cream and indigo blue

- Jogjakarta   soga brown and or indigo blue with some area are left in white without any color.

Batik Pesisiran - Northern Coast
Flower bouquet motif with soft color dominated this type of batik. Some quote the pattern from court batik and combines with flora & fauna motif. As the batik makers in this coastal area were from Chinese descendant thus strongly influenced the color and motif. Some batik were made in meticulously and intriguingly motif that required highly skilled labor. Kedung Wuni an area in north coast that produced such type of batik.

Java Hokokai is belong to this type of batik which produced during the colonization of Japan in Indonesia in 1940's.

Batik Saudagaran -  Merchant

Produced by batik makers who had big factories in java land.

Most motif were quote the patterns from court batik added by some flora & fauna even figures motif.

Batik Petani -  Farmer

Made by the commoners in the country side which obviously not finely done as the batik was considered as the clothing material and not an art object or status symbol.

 

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